The Events Surrounding the Ocoee Massacre of 1920

By now, you may know about Black Wall Street, where thirty-five blocks were destroyed by a white mob in the Greenwood District of Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1921. You might have seen the movie “Rosewood,” starring Ving Rhames, where another Black town was destroyed in a massacre in 1923. Unfortunately, there have been multiple massacres, sometimes mislabeled as riots in US history where White mobs targeted black communities. I currently live less than ten miles from one of them.

Ocoee, Florida, is part of the Orlando, Florida, metropolitan area. Unless you pay attention to the symbols on the road signs, you…

Silence Equals Complicity

Photo by Davide Ragusa on Unsplash

“It dawned upon me with a certain suddenness that I was different from the others; or like, mayhap, in heart and life and longing, but shut out from their world by a vast veil.” — W. E. Burghardt Du Bois

In 1903, W. E. B. DuBois published a historical work, “The Souls of Black Folk.” It was a series of essays on the topic of race. These essays addressed the Black experience and the Black condition. …

I’m Not Allowed to Write an Actual Story

I’m on my honeymoon and not allowed to write an actual story this week. I have been permitted to jot down a few titles (some suggested by some of you) for stories that have come to mind that I will write about later. They are:

The Souls of White Folks

Don’t Come to Florida, It’s Not Safe!

The Creation of the Middle-Class and How Black People Got Left Behind

Karen and Ken’s America

The Return of States Rights

Robinhood Against The World

I’ll get to these stories once I return, but I’m hoping you’ll appreciate I’m spending time with my beautiful bride and will be back to you soon. I spent yesterday drinking wine in Napa Valley, and had I written yesterday; it might not have been coherent anyway. …

You’re Needed More Than Ever

Photo by Kalea Morgan on Unsplash

“I must confess that over the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate. I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro’s great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is not the White Citizen’s Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to “order” than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice; who constantly says: “I agree with you in the goal you seek, but I cannot agree with your methods…

And Some Context Behind Them

Photo by Clay Banks on Unsplash

1. “When someone shows you who they are, believe them the first time.” Maya Angelou

There is more to the quote. Dr. Maya Angelou went on to say, “People know themselves much better than you do. That’s why it’s important to stop expecting them to be something other than who they are!” Though Maya Angelou was an activist her entire adult life. This was general advice meant to cover a variety of situations over a lifetime.

2. “I am not a racist. I am against every form of racism and segregation, every form of discrimination. I believe in human beings…

They Exist to Protect the Interests of Rich, White Men

Supreme Court / Photo Credit: Thomas Hawk

“Just because voting may be inconvenient for some, doesn’t mean that access to voting is unequal. The mere fact that there is some disparity in impact does not necessarily mean that a system is not equally open or that it does not give everyone an equal opportunity to vote.” Justice Samuel Alito

Make that make sense to me! The Supreme Court, in a recent ruling, tried to make “inconvenience” and “disparity in impact” mean the exact same thing as “equally open” and “equal opportunity.” …

How Race, Politics, Money, and Misogyny Led To His Conviction and Freedom

Bill Cosby is a free man, depending on how one defines free. He served almost three years in prison after his conviction for sexual assault in a Pennsylvania courtroom in 2018. The Pennsylvania State Supreme Court vacated his conviction with prejudice because Pennsylvania prosecutors violated an agreement with Cosby not to prosecute him if he testified against his interests in a civil proceeding against him. They also found the five witnesses that testified to prior acts shouldn’t have been allowed as most of their testimony was unrelated and character assassination.

“When an unconditional charging decision is made publicly and with…

Some Thoughts On Critical Race Theory

Apologies to Timbaland; his lyrics have been stuck in my brain, and I had to find a way to get them out on paper. Critical Race Theory has been in the news of late. Some white people have decided that teaching anything about America’s racial history (and present) will only radicalize our youth and present a false image of America as a racist nation. America can still choose its direction as a nation, but the jury is out on its past.

There are a lot of outstanding articles published this month on Critical Race Theory, and I thought I’d share…

Wants Vs. Needs In a Relationship

Capital News — Kenya

“You can’t always get what you want
You can’t always get what you want
You can’t always get what you want
But if you try sometimes well, you might find
You get what you need”

The Rolling Stones sang about it; now it’s time to discuss what we want vs. what we need in relationships. My observation is that most people spend far more time pursuing what they want without considering what they need. Some have conflated their needs with their wants and are unable to differentiate between the two.

When I started writing this, I was headed toward differentiating…

William Spivey

Writer, poet, wannabe philosopher. I write about politics, history, race, and social justice. Support me at

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