It Wasn’t Just Nine States That Were Racist But The Whole Damn Country.

The 2013 decision by the Supreme Court that invalidated the enforcement provision of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 didn’t accomplish anything good. It opened the floodgates for multiple states that previously had to seek pre-clearance before making changes in voting laws to ensure they weren’t discriminatory. The Act declared that nine states and many counties and cities across the country had so abused the process that they had to ask permission first before making changes because they couldn’t be trusted. Those states were; Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia. It was the same thing…


There’s Way Too Much History to Tell in 28 Days

Photos by Carol Burns

The publication Black History Month 365 recognizes that our history is far too rich and extensive to be told in the shortest month of the year. Each month we’ll link to the best stories from our publication and some of the best stories we’ve run across by other writers. Black History Month is not only a celebration but a reminder of what our ancestors went through and how they persevered. Please check out any or all of these stories as you’re bound to discover something you didn’t know before. Be safe.

William Spivey — Editor

Cocoa Grio tells a tale…


Politics, Race, And The History You Won’t Find Elsewhere.

I’d rather write a 2,500-word essay on a historical subject than 500 about myself. That said, there are a few things I’d have, you know. I am a combination of contradictions, humble and arrogant, quiet but cocky, opinionated but entirely without an opinion depending on the subject. The one thing anyone who knows me would agree on is that I love to write. It’s the only way to get out the thoughts that would otherwise allow me no sleep at night.


When Republicans and Democrats Conspired to End Reconstruction & Begin Jim Crow

You can certainly make the case that America lost its way many times throughout its history, and I won’t disagree. From the moment they broke their first pact with the Native Americans to their prospering from the work of enslaved people, and the declaration of Manifest Destiny saying that God intended for it to have every piece of land from sea to sea with all the people in-between be damned. The shaping of its borders, not desirous of Mexico because it “had too many Mexicans,” and Japanese Internment.

John C. Calhoun, the South Carolinian legislative forefather of Lindsay Graham, said,


Posse Comitatus comes up in the news from time to time. It’s the Federal Act signed by President Rutherford B. Hayes in 1878 that limits the ability of the Federal Government to use Federal military power to enforce domestic laws. With a few exceptions, the military can’t use its power to enforce state and local law.

The Trump administration was frustrated by its inability to use the military to enforce parts of its immigration policy. In fact, almost every President since Hayes has felt constrained in some manner by Posse Comitatus, and many have gone to great lengths to get…


Can White America Duplicate South African Apartheid?

Photo by Ashim D’Silva on Unsplash

According to figures released by the US Census Bureau, not only do white people represent a smaller share of the total population than in previous years. There are actually fewer white people, going from 197,845,666 in 2016 to 197,309,822 in 2019. It is anticipated that by the year 2045, white people will be a minority in America, and many white people are already scared as hell.

It’s not as if white people have a history in this country of treating other races well. The Japanese were interned, Muslims banned, Native Americans nearly wiped out, and their land was stolen, Hispanics…


Senator Tin Scott (R) South Carolina Denies His Own Experience

Senator Tim Scott gave the rebuttal to President Joe Biden’s first address to Congress on national television. In his response, he the statement, prefacing it by saying, “Hear me clearly.”

“AMERICA IS NOT A RACIST COUNTRY!”

Senator Scott said this, minutes after describing the number of times he himself, a sitting United States Senator, had been pulled over for no reason other than driving while Black. …


Photo by Patrice Strong

I was always tall for my age. I started kindergarten at age four because I was tall and could read. I had to be tested by a school psychologist to start school a year early. I’m told he/she said I could handle the work, but I might act immature at times relative to the older students in my class. Looking back, there might be some truth in that relative immaturity remark, but I will neither confirm nor deny it.

I grew up in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on the southside. I used to play at Phelps Park, which was one block from…


For four hundred years, parents of Black children have had to give their children some version of “the talk.” Survival tips to help them get by in a land that didn’t always mean them well.

An early version of the talk, given to enslaved children in the early 1700s, was intended to teach them the plantation rules. After the invention of the cotton gin, the enslaved population boomed, and they often outnumbered white people in the area. The talk was about how to act around white folk.

“Always be respectful to the slave catchers, ‘yes sir,’ and ‘yes ma’am.’ Do…


When Letting Someone Else Do It Is Better Than Doing It Yourself

Let me start by saying I’m getting married soon. It’s a thing I didn’t believe I’d ever do again, but as a friend likes to say, “When love calls, you better answer.” Having decided to get married, the thing that comes with that is planning a wedding. I failed to jump at the chance to “go to Vegas” for the nuptials because I have children and grandchildren that would like to attend and that I would like to have present. …

William Spivey

Writer, poet, wannabe philosopher. I write about politics, history, race, and social justice. Support me at https://ko-fi.com/williamfspivey0680

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